Monthly Archives: April 2017
Rick Pellen is our techninican for the Reading East (Lower Earley) area, this area usually refers to Whitley, Earley, Lower Earley, Woodley, Cemetery Junction, London Rd, The Wokingham Rd, Shinfield and Newtown. The counties main hospital The Royal Berks is within the area as is Reading University.
There are two railway lines running through Reading East one on its way to Waterloo and the other heading North to Paddington. These lines can provide Mice and Rats with food and cover from predators so premises nearby can be succeptible to incursions.
Earley also has a nature reserve with woods, lake and stream and the University has woods, lake and open space. We provide the pest control contract for the Nature reserve with the main pests being Rats and Mice in the area.
We provide contracts for many private homes and businesses, such as take aways and restaurants in the area of Reading East. Pests include: ants, cluster flies, cockroaches, bed bugs, fleas, rats, mice, squirrels, wasps & bees.
Wasps and Wasps Nests
If you see wasps entering a hole in the ground, wall, roof or any other part of a building between May and November then you may have a wasp nest. If you are getting unexplained nests in a room of the house this may point to a nest nearby. In Autumn as the days grow shorter wasps can get attracted to lights in buildings which they can confuse with sunlight.
If you have a hole do not be tempted to block it up as this will make them angry and aggressive but would not kill the nest, they will just find another entrance and may enter the house.
Nests are of a brown or grey colour and are constructed of a paper mache type material. If untreated a wasp nest will eventually die out, however before that the nest can produce approximately 100 fertile Queens who that would over winter, the insect form of hibernation, they could potentially start nests of their own the next year. Nests will become larger until around the end of Autumn and then the workers will have finished there job of maintenance of the nest and collection of food for the grubs and now will feed on rotting fruit. This makes them drunk and aggressive. Nests can stain ceilings and even eat through them in some instances.
We will treat the nest or the nest entrance with an insecticide called FICAM D which contains the chemical Bendiocarb 1% w/w. This modern biodegradable insecticide is not highly toxic to mammals, but is extremely so to the hymenopterous group of insects (Wasps, Bees and Ants). After the treatment the nest will remain in a hyperactive state for 2-3 hours, but can usually ceases much sooner. Keep people and pets away from the treated area until activity has ceased. Once the nest has been treated it will-
- A treated nest cannot ever be reused.
- A Wasp nest cannot move its location, once started it is there for the duration of its life (7-8 months), nor can Wasps move from one nest to another.
- All nests start in the Spring, never later than May but the expanding populations are not often noticed until much later in the year. The population expands from 1, when the nest starts up in the Spring, to around 10 000 in the Autumn.
The nest itself is made of a substance similar to paper mache and will not rot or smell, so it is safe and hygenic to leave in place. If you do decide to remove it, wait until at least 4 weeks after a treatment to ensure that any larvae that may have hatched after the Queen has died. In this period scratching may be heard from the nest but this will soon end.
Ealing is the 3rd largest borough in population and 11th largest in size in London. Its administrative centre is Ealing Broadway. It is one of the major metropolitan centres identified in the London Plan.
It is also known for Ealing Studios where The Ladykillers was filmed alongside other well known Ealing comedy films; and also used by the BBC from 1955, most notably by Doctor Who and Monty Python.
Our technicians have many pest control contracts within the area that range from take aways and restaurants to private homes. Our technicians are fully trained and go on annual top up courses so there knowledge base stays relevant to the pests they encounter.
PESTUK are a full member of the BPCA. The British Pest Control Association is the leading UK trade association representing organisations with a professional interest in the eradication of public health pests. They are a not for profit association which acts in the interests of public health to customers, Government and members of the pest control industry. They provide the end user with information relating to pests and to reputable companies in the pest control business.
By choosing a BPCA member you are ensuring the use of a contractor who can provide a professional and consistent service.The BPCA promotes the safe use of pesticides and knowledgeable pest eradication by companies who have to prove their competence before they can become members.
Call PESTUK on 0800 026 0308 or 0330 100 2811
Shepperton is a suburban town in the county of Surrey, bisected by the M3 in the North West and bounded to much of the South and East by the River Thames. Predominantly known for its use by film and Television production companies at Shepperton Studios.
Much of the land in the area is formed of protected flood meadows, small lakes or fertile alluvial soil farmland this can cause quite a problem with rats and mice using these as means of travel and as a food source. Also with any potential flooding this can run the risk of rodents being seen more prominently around properties and businesses.
We have many pest control contracts around the area of Shepperton with local businesses and with schools. All of our pest control technicians are CRB checked and bring a wealth of pest control experience and keen knowledge to any of your pest problems.
Wasps in Gardens
If you see Wasps entering a hole in the ground, wall, roof or any other part of a building then you may have a wasps nest. You may be getting ‘unexplained’ wasps in a room in your home which may indicate a nest nearby.
It is best not to block any holes up before a treatment as this will make them angry and aggressive and won’t kill them. it will force them to make a new hole and possibly enter the house. Nests are usually of a grey or brown paper mache type material. If untreated a nest will eventually die out, however before this the nest can potentially produce up to a 100 fertile Queens that would hibernate and begin nests of their own the following year.
Nests will continue to grow until Autumn time and then you will see aggressive and dopey wasps from this time until winter. Worker wasps would have finished their job of nest maintenance & collecting food for grubs by this point and would now be feeding on rotting fruit (this will make them drunk and more aggressive). Wasp nests can stain ceilings and even eat through them in some instances.
We treat nests or their entrances by using an insecticide called ‘FICAM D* which contains the chemical Bendiocarb 1% w/w. This is a modern biodegradable insecticide that is not highly toxic to mammals, but is extremely so to the hymenopterous group of insects (Wasps, Bees and Ants). The entrance to the nest or the nest itself will be treated using this insecticide. The nest after this treatment will remain in a hyper active state for up to 3 hours, but usually the activity would cease much sooner. It is best to keep members of the family and pets away from a treated nest and to advise neighbours of a treatment to avoid any disruption during the hyper active period.
The 3 main points to remember are:
- A treated nest will not ever be reused.
- A Wasp nest cannot move its location, once started it is there for the duration of its life (7-8 months), nor can Wasps move from one nest to another.
- All nests start in the Spring, never later than May but the expanding populations are not often noticed until much later in the year. The population expands from 1, when the nest starts up in the Spring, to around 10,000 in the Autumn.
PESTUK’s main office can be found in the town of Reading, West Berkshire and is run by our General Manager Scott. We currently have 30 regional offices across Berkshire, West London, High Wycombe and Alton. This main office on Portman Road can handle all calls for all of our covered areas when the other sites are not manned.
Within the area of Reading there are many pests that can affect businesses and homes, these include- Rats, Mice, Squirrels, Wasps and Bees, Fleas, Bed bugs and many others. Our technicians are fully trained and complete yearly courses to ensure they have the most up to date knowledge for providing the best solutions for your pest control issues.
PESTUK have many contracts within West Reading, including Pangbourne Working Mans Club, Butchers, Hotels, Take Aways and domestic premises. We also provide contracts for many businesses in the Oxford Road area.
History of Reading
Reading is a large, historically important town in Berkshire, with settlement dates ranging back to the 8th Century. the town was seriously affected by the English Civil War and played a pivotal role in the Revolution of 1688. The town is at the confluence of the River Thames and the River Kennet, and is also on the Great Western Main Rail line and also the M4 motorway.
The older parts of Reading have severe issues with rats due to the poor state of buildings and the infrastructure. Sewers are a constant issue with rats and mice. Rats can thrive in older sewer systems where they can feed and burrow into broken pipes and can make there way to the surface through collapsed pipes and or other breaches. With the two rivers and main railway line these add to pest problems in Reading, as these provide food and cover for rats and mice. Some parts of Reading also have a strong problem with bed bugs due to the density of living conditions.
Our technicians are fully trained and are CRB checked and can handle any pest you may have at your home, business or school. PESTUK is a full member of the BPCA.
Call PESTUK today to arrange an appointment to deal with your pest problem.
0800 026 0308 or 0330 100 2811.
Rats and Mice
Rodents (from Latin rodere, “to gnaw”) are mammals of the order Rodentia, which are characterised by a single pair of continuously growing incisors in each of the upper and lower jaws. They are the most diversified mammalian order and live in a variety of terrestrial habitats, including human-made environments.
Most rodents are small animals with robust bodies, short limbs, and long tails. They use their sharp incisors to gnaw food, excavate burrows, and defend themselves. Most eat seeds or other plant material, but some have more varied diets. They tend to be social animals and many species live in societies with complex ways of communicating with each other. Mating among rodents can vary from monogamy, to polygamy, to promiscuity. Many have litters of between 6-12 and can do so many times a year.
Rodents have been used as food, for clothing, as pets, and as laboratory animals in research. Some species, in particular the brown rat, the black rat, and the house mouse, are serious pests, eating and spoiling food stored by humans, and spreading diseases. Accidentally introduced species of rodents are often considered to be invasive, and have caused the extinction of numerous species, such as island birds, previously isolated from land-based predators.
Mice- General appearance
The House Mouse and sometimes the long tailed field mouse can be found in buildings as they seek warmth and shelter for nesting sites and food.
House Mice generally are of 60-90mm long, and the tail can add an additional 100mm to the overall length. They weigh less than 25g and can range in fur colour from light brown to grey.
Rats- General appearance
The two types of rat found in the UK are- Rattus Norvegicus which is commonly known as the Brown Rat or Common Rat. The Rattus Rattus, known as the Black Rat or Ship Rat is now rarely found in the UK.
The Brown Rat is the larger of the rats in Britain, often weighing over half a kilo and measuring about 23cm, without counting the tail. It has a blunt muzzle, small hair-covered ears and a tail that is shorter than its body. The Black Rat weighs half as much and is shorter. It has a pointed muzzle, large, almost hairless ears, a more slender body and a long thin tail that is longer than its body.
Both Mice and Rats carry much of the same diseases, Mice are generally more tolerated. However they are more curious and bolder and can come into contact with more items such as cutlery food products and work surfaces. These include Salmonella and Listeria, which can cause food poisoning.
Rats carry many diseases which they can spread to humans, normally through their urine. including; Leptospirosis or Weil’s disease, Salmonella, Listeria, Toxoplasma gondii and Hantavirus.
Mice are erratic, sporadic feeders, nibbling at many sources of food rather than taking repeated meals from any one item. They do not need free water to drink as they normally obtain sufficient moisture from their food.
Rats feed mostly at night and an average rat will eat 50g of food a day. Preferred foods for both Mice and Rats are cereal products, however they are omnivorous and will eat almost anything that humans eat.
Both will eat from our dwellings and any food stores for domestic animals are viable as well.
House mice usually run, walk, or stand on all fours, but when eating, fighting, or orienting themselves, they rear up on their hind legs with additional support from the tail – a behaviour known as “tripoding”. Mice are good jumpers, climbers, and swimmers, and are generally able to maintain contact with vertical surfaces.
Mice are mostly nocturnal; they are averse to bright lights. They live in a wide variety of hidden places near food sources, and construct nests from various soft materials. Mice are territorial, and one dominant male usually lives together with several females and young. Dominant males respect each other’s territories and normally enter another’s territory only if it is vacant. If two or more males are housed together in a cage, they often become aggressive unless they have been raised together from birth.
Mice are generally afraid of rats which often kill and eat them, a behaviour known as muricide.
The Brown Rat is nocturnal and is a good swimmer, both on the surface and underwater, and has been observed climbing slim round metal poles several feet in order to reach garden bird feeders. Brown rats dig well, and often excavate extensive burrow systems.
When rat populations are large, a hierarchy develops within a burrow. Stronger individuals become dominant, while weaker ones are subordinate. Males no longer protect female burrows. When a female is oestrus, several males mate with her sequentially, in the order of their social dominance.
Rats exhibit aggressive behaviour when threatened. They may fight, chase, bite and box. Rats also display some behaviours such as sidling and belly-up defensive postures.
For the treatment of Mice there is not much in the way of preparation prior to a mouse treatment except for keeping food stuffs out of reach of mice if they are in these areas and keeping hygiene to a high standard. It is very important that people are aware of the disease hazard that they can cause. If you suspect they have been on work surfaces or in drawers containing cutlery or foodstuffs then these must be washed before use and foodstuffs destroyed.
Effective mouse control involves sanitation, mouse proof construction and population reduction. The first two are useful as preventive measures. When a mouse infestation already exists, some form of population reduction is almost always necessary. Reduction techniques include trapping and poisoning. Trapping will only reduce a mouse population, rarely eliminate it completely and as they breed so quickly elimination is the desired result. Poison baiting is the quickest way to deal with a mouse infestation. The right type of bait in the right places has to be used for the whole population to feed on the bait for the treatment to succeed. The bait has to be put in the correct places, mice are territorial and if the bait is not in a mouse’s territory then it won’t take the bait.
Mice are fussy feeders and surprisingly more resistant to poisons than rats or other rodents. Mice do not need much food and can extract all the moisture from the food they eat. Mice eat only 1/20th. to 1/10th. of an oz. per day. The baits and poisons used by PESTUK are widely recognised as the best available for the treatment and complete eradication of a mouse infestation. The technician will make at least 2 visits.
With regards to Rats- keeping a record of where you see rats, asking your neighbours if they have them, leaving any droppings or damage for the technician to look at. If you are feeding birds then stop. If you have a compost heap then stop putting food on it. Identifying & dealing with the food source is the most important factor in dealing with a rat infestation.
Rat infestations are normally dealt with a cereal based poison bait containing an anticoagulant poison called Sakarat*, which contains the poison Bromadioline 0.005%. This poison usually requires that the rats feed several times before dying or if they consume enough poison to give them a lethal dose on their first feed they will not suffer any ill effects until some time after feeding. This ensures that they do not become suspicious and associate the bait with illness or death and a ‘complete kill’ takes place killing all the rats in the colony.
It can take up to 7 days before the rats start feeding on the bait as they are suspicious of new objects. It is important to achieve a complete kill as they breed at such a rapid rate that any survivors soon replace the dead with their offspring. (A healthy female rat will live for two years and can produce up to 60 young per year).
In heavy infestations rats can be seen feeding during the day, these are usually the subordinate old and weaker animals that feed during the more dangerous hours of daylight to avoid the more aggressive dominant rats. If you see rats during the day time it usually means the problem is quite severe.
Rats are attracted to the smell of other animals and their food, so particular care should be taken when feeding pets, wild birds etc., the storage of any foodstuffs and the disposing of rubbish, including animal droppings. Should you find any dead bodies they must not be handled without protection and should be buried or burnt.
A Pest Control Contract is not expensive. Not only will it protect the health and safety of your employees, it will also protect your reputation. Most prosecutions happen to smaller companies. Remove the worry and leave pest control in the hands of experts.
If you are regularly experiencing pest problems, maybe a Pest Control Contract is better. That peace-of-mind knowing that there is an expert team just a phone call away!
Take a look at our Pest Control Contract page, or call us now on 0800-026-0308