How do I know I have a problem?
Bed bugs bite at night. The bite marks will depend on the reaction of the person being bitten, as with Fleas & other biting insects different people may react in a different way and at a different time to others. Bites are usually on areas of the body that stick out the bed covers. Bed bugs are very much visible to the eye.
They are large enough to see without any magnification; they can grow up to 1/4 inch long. Young hatch looking much like adults just much smaller. Most will appear to be a transparent tan or beige colour but will quickly turn dark brown, almost black, once they have fed. Bed bugs have almost a round body though it appears to be more oval upon closer observation. Bed bugs have six legs and are very good walkers. Bed bug infestations have been on the increase since 2003 due to travel, immigration & the sale of 2nd hand furniture. The Bedbug infestation may have spread from an adjoining building or from some furniture or suitcase recently brought into the house, second hand clothing may also spread infestation. Bedbugs feed entirely on human blood at night when the victim is asleep. After feeding they crawl back into their hiding places which are in cracks and crevices in furniture, behind wall paper, bed frames, cupboards, mattresses, electrical equipment, curtains, light fittings etc.
Preparation prior to Treatment
Bed Bugs are one of the hardest insects to treat and treatments will only work if the preparation has been done correctly. The bed sheets & curtains must be removed & washed. The room(s) to be treated must be vacuumed & cleaned. The drawers & wardrobes must be emptied & the clothes only re introduced to the rooms once they have been washed or tumble dried.The treatment will fail if the room is full of clutter. The rooms must be clear of toys, books, boxes, CDs, posters etc. Be careful not to put any of these objects into other rooms as you may spread the infestation. Objects in the room that cannot be either washed, tumble dried or sprayed with the insecticide (books, shoes, cd’s, dvd’s etc) must be put in a freezer overnight. This should be done before putting objects back into a treated room. Bed bugs usually only infest rooms that are slept in & we recommend treating any adjoining bed rooms to the infested room. They can lay dormant for up to 12 months so be careful with any objects removed & then re introduced back into a bedroom within this time frame. If you are going to replace a bed or mattress either do this prior to treatment or or once your are sure the treatment has worked & all bed bugs have been eradicated.
We treat the infested and surrounding areas with one (or both ) of the following insecticide sprays: Demand CS'* which contains Lambda-cyhalothrin, HSE Number 6287 and made by Sorex or K-Othrine WG250, HSE Number 5390 which contains deltamethrin 25%. These insecticides are the most modern insecticide available. Also we may use powders either one called Ficam D* which contains the insecticide @ 1% w/w Bendiocarb or Killgerid which works by scratching the cuticle (the shell) of the insect that causes the insect to die of dehydration. This powder is completely harmless to mammals. All insecticides are biodegradable, almost odourless, non tainting & do not corrode or stain. The areas where the Bedbugs will be expected to crawl as well as their harbourages will be treated.
What do I do afterwards?
After treatment do not let domestic animals walk on treated surfaces until dry and if bare skin comes into contact whilst wet then wash. Do not vacuum the carpeted areas that have been treated for at least two weeks or longer if the room(s) are at low temperature. The walls, bed frames or any other treated surfaces must not be washed for at least two months. All bedding must be laundered. The treated room(s) must be heated and occupied at night as this encourages the Bedbugs to crawl over the treated surfaces. Be prepared to see some bed bugs for at least 2 weeks after treatment. If you see more bed bugs after this time then another spray may be necessary. It is important to reduce humidity & keep the premises warm, so leaving windows open or using a de humidifier makes eradication more likely & quicker. Do not introduce ‘new’ furniture to an infested area unless this has been treated as well until the infestation has been eradicated.
Guarantee: In some cases one spray should be sufficient to deal with the problem but often the premises will need treating at least twice. We guarantee bedbugs only after the 2nd spray providing the full & correct preparation has been carried out prior to treatments. This guarantee is for one month after the 2nd spray & only valid if the 2nd spray has been carried out within one month of the 2nd. Any insecticide treatments will only work on clean surfaces.
Berkshire Pest Control Ltd t/a PESTUK Terms & Conditions apply.
Bed Bugs - General Information
Bed bugs are wingless insects and as such move around by crawling or riding from place to place in clothing, luggage or other such transport. Distribution can be further exacerbated in places such as theatres and public transport, with infestations frequently occurring in hotels and other buildings where there is a high density and turnover of individuals.
Bed bugs are mostly found in bedrooms as they generally feed at night when the host is asleep. When not feeding they live in the bed frame or cracks and crevices around the room. They do not harbour in the mattress or bedding material.
They are reddish brown in colour turning blood red after feeding. The adult reaches approximately 5mm in length and passes through five nymph stages over a period of time to 128 days. The female lays her eggs in batches of 10 to 50, they are white in colour and deposited on various surfaces with a thin glue. They take on average 10 days to hatch and can mature into adults within one to two months given ample food. The female is then ready to start laying eggs. The speed of development depends on temperature and food availability. Surprisingly, bed bugs can live longer without food and can go without feeding for up to 140 days; the adult typically lives for about 10 months but can survive for a year or longer in cool buildings. This sensitivity to temperature means bed bugs will start to die if temperatures drop below 9ºC or rise above 36ºC. However, modern buildings have created ideal conditions for the bed bug with central heating and easy access to adjoining properties being commonplace.